The new report “Great expectations adrift” has been published: in 2016 the number of child migrants and refugees, that arrive unaccompanied in Europe through Italy, has redoubled. During the first six months of 2016, 5222 unaccompanied minors have been reported missing.
Rome- The number of child migrants and unaccompanied refugees that arrive in Europe through Italy has doubled this year and, every day, 28 go missing because of an” inadequate and inefficient system”. The new report of Oxfam “Great Expectations adrift” condemns this fact. As observers explain, “many of them find themselves forced to stay in the refugee Centres, of which they cannot get out, living in inadequate and insecure accommodations and without being informed about their rights. Others have relatives in other European countries and therefore they don’t want to stay in Italy. Consequences of all this problems are unavoidable. Many of them try to escape from Reception Centres and live on the road, finding themselves in more dangerous situations”. This is the focus point that “underlines the inadequacy of European and Italian approach to the migration phenomenon”.
According to the UNHR, 15% of the total amount of migrants that arrived in Italy is composed by children that travelled alone: at the end of July there were 13705 unaccompanied minors because of disembarkations in Italy, a bigger number of people if we compare with the one of those who arrived in Italy before 2015 ( 12.360 children). In fact, after the closure of the West Balkan route and after the agreement between Europe and Turkey, Italy found itself again to be the principal access for migrants who were heading for Europe.
“Notwithstanding the commitment of civil society and of many municipalities and regions, the Italian reception system appears to be again inadequate to protect unaccompanied children and their rights. Observers affirm that hotspot centres, for example the ones built by European Union and by Italian Authorities in order to register the new arrivals and to accelerate the rejection and expulsion procedures, find themselves in a chronic condition of crowding and are incapable to offer adequate services, not even in terms of health and hygienic standard. It is because hotspot centres can host people just for a maximum of 48/72 hours but many of these immigrants end up like staying there for weeks, without the possibility to change their clothes (even their underwear) and without being able to call their family at home or their relatives in Europe.